Do Truck Drivers Have to Follow Special Rules on the Road?
Commercial truck operators have specific regulations and compliance requirements that are dramatically different than those for private passenger vehicles. The industry is regulated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) with assistance from state entities for enforcement.
There are over 500,000 active interstate motor carriers in the U.S. One reason for national uniformity and rigid regulation is the potential impact these large vehicles can have on public safety. Most fatalities in large truck collisions are sustained by those in passenger vehicles. These trucks’ weight can be over 20 times that of a car’s. When loaded with freight, they require at least 20% more distance to reach a complete stop.
Defining Commercial Vehicles and Special License Requirements
Commercial motor vehicles (CMV) are defined as weighing over 6,000 pounds and/or having five or more wheels that reach the ground. Private passenger vehicles are excluded; however, trucks and vans used for commercial purposes to transport and store tools, supplies, and materials for work at “job sites” are included. Those who operate commercial trucks must have a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL). To obtain a CDL, drivers must complete specific training, examinations, and maintain relatively clean driving records.
Enhanced Insurance Rules
Special liability insurance requirements apply to CMV operation. Vehicles weighing in excess of 10,000 pounds must maintain a minimum of $750,000 in liability insurance coverage. Any CMV that transports hazardous materials must maintain a minimum of $5,000,000 in coverage.
Special Mobile Device and Radar Detector Restrictions
No driver of a CMV may use hand-held mobile devices for making calls or text messaging while driving, and motor carriers may not require usage of them. Drivers wishing to use such devices must move their vehicle off to the side of a roadway. Exceptions apply for contacting law enforcement or other emergency-related communication. In addition, a CMV may not possess or use radar detection devices during operation.
Daily Inspection Reporting Rules
CMV drivers must complete a special inspection report at the conclusion of each work day containing any flaws or deficiencies that could jeopardize the ability to safely operate the truck. Drivers of CMVs designed for passenger transportation must generate reports even if no problems are discovered. These reports must be retained for a three month period. Drivers must inspect the following:
- Braking and steering systems
- Horn and lights
- Tires, wheels, and rims
- Mirrors and windshield wipers
- Emergency equipment
Electronic Logging Devices (ELD)
Recent legislation now requires CMVs to install an electronic logging device (ELD). This ELD automatically records the amount of driving done each day. Originally drivers used paper “logs” to document time driven, which developed into Automatic Onboard Recording Devices (AOBR). The ELD is the latest accepted technology, and it requires carrier adoption by 2017 unless they have an existing AOBRD, in which case they may continue to use that until 2019.
If you have recently sustained serious injuries in an accident with a commercial truck, you may be eligible for redress through financial compensation. DiBella Law Offices, P.C has been an advocate for Massachusetts’ truck accident victims for over 10 years and can discuss your case when you call (781) 262-3338.